Article “Introducing Xul Solar |
Oscar Agustín Alejandro Schulz Solari, 1887 - 1963. Argentinean artist.”
Xul Solar was an eccentric character, well versed in religions, astrology, occult sciences, languages and mythologies.
The poet Fernando Demaría, in an essay segment called "Xul Solar and Paul Klee" published in 1971 in Argentina's culture magazine Lyra, wrote:
"It is not easy for the human spirit rise of astrology to astronomy, but we would fail if forget that a genuine astrologer as Xul Solar is near the source of the stars. The primitiveness of Xul Solar predates the appearance of the gods ... “ and "Xul Solar was a deep knowledge of astrology. At least since 1939 he began designing astrological charts. Bodies, masks, stars, domes, eyes, flags, stairs, buildings, pre-Columbian figures, symbols of all religions, they float in space without appoggiatura. Remember the early art rock. And they suggest the reality as a series of visions without time or space. These works are chromatically intense but usually of small size.
In the first half of the decade of the 1950s Xul Solar worked a series of watercolors that feature the Kabbalah and astrology, the Pan-tree. The intention of the artist to give status of science to astrology, a discipline commonly associated with occult sciences of alchemy and ritual magic, makes the application to various productions.
The writer Aldo Pellegrini wrote:
"Xul Solar had conceived a truly universal astrological interpretation, by which established an occult correspondence between all that exists: the language, music, painting, life, games such as expression of life the theater as an expression of life, architecture as a projection of man and finally the math, that encode and compress the laws of the universe (...) ".
Astrology is present in much of his creations as the panlengua, tarot, the panjuego, interrelated to other knowledge.
The series of the Pan-tree takes on the "Tree of Life" of Kabbalah, also known as "Tree Sefirotic" or "The 32 paths of wisdom." This has ten holy sefirot areas or twenty-two interrelated paths, corresponding to the letters of the Hebrew alphabet. The whole tree is a symbolic representation used to understand the relationships that exist in the universe, including human interaction and mechanisms.
Xul Solar's watercolors in amending the number of sefirot from ten to twelve and turning them into planets. The number twelve is in line with the planets and zodiac signs of astrology. This change is also related to the idea of replacing the decimal number system by a duodecimal, who used to date many of his paintings.
Xul Solar has twelve planets keeping the three vertical lines of the traditional representation of the "Tree of Life." The latter is evident in the watercolor of 1953 where four planets placed in each vertical. The duodecimal system marks the rise and fall of these vertical directions. Lists of zero to ten and add the symbols "Q" and "&" on the left side in ascending order and, instead, on the right in descending order.
Given the complex geometry between the vertical lines and the links between the planets create an almost architectural solid. The structural frame that is generated between the lines connecting the planets, and the same, create intermediate spaces are filled by the artist with textures and architectural patterns that emphasize the constructive nature of the whole.
Xul Solar creates, in this way, a complex system architecture based on the Kabbalah and astrology, to explain the workings of the universe and as a path for spiritual ascent of man.